In modern times this laidback city is particularly famous for its huge colony of monkeys that have overrun the old part of the city. It is also one of the oldest cities in Thailand with a significant place in Thai history. The city was first established in 1350 when it was a former capital of Thailand, and of particular interest are the Khmer and Hindu influences in the design of the ancient monuments, which later became Buddhist. There’s an interesting 'soupcon' of French architectural influence, as many Frenchmen were living in the region back in the mid-15th Century. But the main attraction is the many hundreds of macaque "Old world monkeys", which can be seen throughout the old town and is especially prevalent in the Phra Prang Sam Yot area. But be careful, as the monkeys have some very unpleasant habits, such as defecating on you or jumping down and grabbing your food or belongings. For this reason, it is not a recommended destination for anyone who feels a little uncomfortable around free-roaming animals such monkeys. From your base in the city, you can take tours to outlying historic ruins, such as Wat Phra Phutthabat, or you can go on organised rock climbing, mountaineering, trekking and caving activities.